Saturday 11 May 2024

Automating File Compression with gzip



import gzip

import shutil

def compress_file(input_file, output_file):

    with open(input_file, 'rb') as f_in:

        with, 'wb') as f_out:

            shutil.copyfileobj(f_in, f_out)

# Example usage

input_filename = 'clcoding.txt'

output_filename = 'clcoding.txt.gz'

compress_file(input_filename, output_filename) 


Let's break down the code step by step:

import gzip: This line imports the gzip module, which provides functionalities for working with gzip-compressed files in Python. The gzip module allows you to create, read, and write gzip-compressed files.

import shutil: This line imports the shutil module, which provides a higher-level interface for file operations. In this script, shutil is used to copy the contents of one file to another efficiently.

def compress_file(input_file, output_file):: This line defines a function named compress_file that takes two parameters: input_file (the path to the file to be compressed) and output_file (the path where the compressed file will be saved).

with open(input_file, 'rb') as f_in:: This line opens the input file (input_file) in binary read mode ('rb') using the open() function. It uses a context manager (with statement) to automatically close the file when the block is exited. The file object is assigned to the variable f_in.

with, 'wb') as f_out:: This line opens the output file (output_file) in gzip-compressed write mode ('wb') using Similar to the previous with statement, it also uses a context manager to automatically close the file when the block is exited. The compressed file object is assigned to the variable f_out.

shutil.copyfileobj(f_in, f_out): This line copies the contents of the input file (f_in) to the gzip-compressed output file (f_out). It efficiently copies data between file objects without loading the entire file into memory.

input_filename = 'clcoding.txt': This line defines a variable input_filename and assigns it the name of the input file (clcoding.txt). This file will be compressed.

output_filename = 'clcoding.txt.gz': This line defines a variable output_filename and assigns it the name of the output file (clcoding.txt.gz). This file will store the compressed data.

compress_file(input_filename, output_filename): This line calls the compress_file function with the input and output filenames as arguments, which compresses the input file and saves the compressed data to the output file. This line appears to be a comment, possibly indicating the source of the file ( Comments in Python are preceded by the # symbol and are ignored by the interpreter.

This script takes a file (clcoding.txt), compresses it using gzip, and saves the compressed data to a new file (clcoding.txt.gz).


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