Tuesday 27 March 2018

Some Most Popular Programming Language

FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation)
 The name FORTRAN is an acronym for FORmula TRANslation, because it was designed to allow easy translation of math formulas into code.
Often referred to as a scientific language, FORTRAN was the first high-level language, using the first compiler ever developed.Prior to the development of FORTRAN computer programmers were required to program in machine/assembly code, which was an extremely difficult and time consuming task.
The objective during it's design was to create a programming language that would be: simple to learn, suitable for a wide variety of applications, machine independent, and would allow complex mathematical expressions, machine independent, and would allow complex mathematical expressions to be stated similarly to regular algebraic notation. 

COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)
 COBOL (pronounced / ? ko?b?1/) is one of the oldest programming languages.Its name is an acronym for Common Business-Oriented Language, defining its primary domain in business, finance, and administrative systems for companies and governments.
The COBOL 2002 standard includes support for object-oriented programming and other modern language features. 
COBOL was an effort to make a programming language that was like natural English, easy to write and easier to read the code after you'd written it.

BASIC (Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code)
 In computer programming, BASIC ( an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages.
It is developed to provide computer access to non-science students.
BASIC remains popular to this day in a handful of highly modified dialects and new languages influenced by BASIC such as Microsoft Visual Basic.As of 2006, 59 % of developers for the .NET platform used Visual Basic .NET as their only language.

 Pascal is an influential imperative and procedural programming language designed in 1968/9 and published in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a small and efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring.
A derivative known as Object Pascal was designed for object oriented programming.

C Language
 C is a general-purpose computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system.
Although C was designed for implementing system software, it is also widely used for developing portable application software.
C is one of the most popular programming languages. It is widely used on many different software platforms.

C++ Language
 C++ (pronounced "C plus plus") is a statically typed, free -form multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language.
It is regarded as a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features.
It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs as an enhancement to the C programming language and originally named "C with Classes". It was renamed to C++ in 1983.

 Java is a programming language originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Micro-systems and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Micro system Java platform.
The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but has a simpler object model and fewer low-level facilities.
Java application are typically compiled to byte-code (class file) that can run on any Java Virtual Machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. 

LISP (LISt Processing)
 Lisp (or LISP) is a family of computer programming languages.
It is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today.
Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs.
The name LISP derives from "LISt Processing" .Linked lists are one of Lisp languages major data structures, and Lisp source code is itself made up of lists.


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