### Code:

my_num = -2 print(5 % my_num)

### Solution and Explanation:

In Python, the expression 5 % my_num uses the modulus operator `%`

, which gives the remainder of the division of the left operand by the right operand. Let's break down the specific example:

Define the variable: my_num = -2

- This assigns the value -2 to the variable my_num.

Modulus operation: 5 % my_num

- Here, you are performing the modulus operation with 5 and -2.

In Python, the result of a % b is defined as the remainder when a is divided by b, and it has the same sign as the divisor b. The formula to compute the result of `a % b`

is:

$\mathit{r}=\mathit{a}-(\mathit{b}\times \text{floor}(\frac{\mathit{a}}{\mathit{b}}))$

Where floor is the mathematical floor function, which rounds down to the nearest integer.

Let's apply this to our example:

- Division: $\frac{5}{-2}=-2.5$
- Floor of the division: $\text{floor}(-2.5)=-3$
- Multiply the divisor by the floored value: $-2\times -3=6$
- Subtract this value from the dividend: $5-6=-1$

So, $5\mathrm{\%}-2$ results in -1.

Therefore, the output of the code:

my_num = -2 print(5 % my_num)

`-1`

.
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